|Extreme Sucking Up|
Hawaii's unique freshwater goby fish, Sicydium stimpsoni, use the suction power in their mouths to climb the cliffs behind waterfalls up to 100 meters high..
Researchers at Clemson Uniuversity have determined that these tiny waterfall-climbing fish known as O'opu Nopili use the same set of muscles for both climbing and eating.
While it is difficult to determine whether feeding movements were adapted for climbing, or vice versa, the similarities are consistent with the idea that these fish have learned to use the same muscles to meet two very different needs of their unique lifestyle.
sources: PLOS ONE
Still images of S. stimpsoni in (a) ventral and (b) lateral views
Hawaiian Stream Gobies
The Search for Life That Is Very, Very Different from Our Own
As a consequence of space exploration and the realization that life on other planets might be very different from what we are used to, scientists in recent decades have improbably discovered bizarre life forms here at home in places previously deemed uninhabitable.
This book provides a bestiary of weird creatures, both real and imagined, and describes the science behind their existence.