the decades from 1820 to 1870, the American frontier expanded two
thousand miles across the trans-Mississippi West. In Texas the frontier
line expanded only about two hundred miles.
irresistible European force met nearly immovable Native
American resistance, sparking a brutal struggle for possession of
Texas’s hills and prairies that continued for decades.
During the 1860s, however, the bloodiest decade in the western Indian
wars, there were no large-scale battles in Texas between the army and
the Indians. Instead, the targets of the Comanches, the Kiowas, and the
Apaches were generally the homesteaders out on the Texas frontier, that
is, precisely those who should have been on the sidelines. Ironically,
it was these noncombatants who bore the brunt of the warfare, suffering
far greater losses than the soldiers supposedly there to protect them.
It is this story that The Settlers’ War
tells for the first time..
The Settlers' War
The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s
by Gregory Michno